20 year old gets a fresh lease of life at Manipal Hospitals
Bangalore, April 21, 2017: Manipal Hospital scripted a rare surgery to give new lease of life to 20-year old Rekha. She was suffering from a genetic disorder called Mucopolysacharidosis which is a group of metabolic disorders caused by the absence or malfunctioning of lysosomal enzymes needed to break down molecules called glycosaminoglycans. These long chains of sugar carbohydrates occur within the cells that help build bone, cartilage, tendons, corneas, skin and connective tissue.
A majorissue related to this genetic disorder is that the patient is extremely shortin height and a short neck. They have deformed and weak bones which makes theperson unsteady and they face difficulty in mobility. Additionally it leads tocellular damage that affects appearance, physical abilities, organ and systemfunctioning is adversely affected and thus hampering mental development.
Rekha’s caseis extremely heart-warming as she was suffering from this condition when borndespite that she was doing her engineering. However since her symptoms hadbecome extremely complicated, she required surgical and medical interventionfrom Dr. Vidyadhara S, Spine Surgeon & team at Manipal Hospitals.
Speakingon the occasion Dr. Vidyadhara S, HOD & Consultant Spine Surgeon, ManipalHospitals said, “Thisis a very rare type of genetic disorder with a ratio of 1 in 700,000 births.Post diagnosis of Rekha’s condition she had a bent spine (hunch back) and atthe junction of her brain and neck the bones had slipped one over the otherpressing the spinal cord. Her hands and legs were weak and she was on the vergeof paralysis. However we successfully conducted surgery to re-align herslipping bones and fixed with screws and rods. “
Hefurther added, “Keepingher symptoms and condition in mind where her physical growth stopped at the ageof 8-years. She had developed symptoms of skeletal abnormalities that includebell-shaped chest, curvature of the spine, shortened long bones, and dysplasia ofthe hips, knees, ankles, and wrists. Thus a surgical procedure calledOccipito-Cervical fusion was undertaken. She responded to surgery well and isextremely pleased with the results. She has now completed her engineering andis also doing a job.”
There areother common symptoms faced by children who are inflicted with this order whichincludes restricted breathing, joint stiffness and heart diseases. Childrengenerally do not survive beyond 20 – 30 years. The oldest known living personwith Morquios Type IV is currently 80 years old, named Kenneth D.Martin, and was born in Osage City, Kansas, USA.